12 Şubat 2012 Pazar

Phrasal Verbs


Deyim fiilleri :Bu konuda verdiğimiz örneklerde henüz işlemediğimiz bazı kelime ve kullanımlara da rastlayabilirsiniz. Bunları en kolay şekilde sunmaya özen gösterdik. Böylece ileriki konular için de ön hazırlık olacaktır. Mümkün olduğunca tercümelere bakmadan anlamaya çalışın...

İngilizce 'de bazı fiillere çeşitli kelimecikler eklenerek, yeni anlamlar kazandırılmıştır. Dilbilgisinde bu öbeklere "phrasal verbs" denir. Genellikle verb + preposition olarak iki kelimeden oluşurlar.



Bazı durumlarda, bilinen fiillere bilinen prepositionlar eklenir ve anlamı tahmin etmek çok kolay olur.
He looked outside and saw a kitten.
Please turn on the lights.



Bazı durumlarda ise yüklem-preposition ikilisi öbek deyim haline gelir ve anlamını tahmin etmek mümkün olmaz.
While the little boy's parents were out, his older sister looked after him.
He used to smoke. Later, he gave up smoking.



Kelime öbekleri : Cümle içinde kullanımda, bazen bu öbeğin arasına bir isim girebilir. Bazı phrasal verb'lerde ise, öbek arasına asla isim almaz, ikili her zaman beraber kullanılır.
Did you turn the lights on?




Genel kurallar olmadığı için bu kelime öbeklerini öğrenmenin tek yolu günlük hayatta kullanmaktır. Zaten kullanıldığını gördükçe, bir aşinalık ve kulak dolgunluğu kazanacağız.


Şimdi aşağıda cümle içinde kullandığımız bazı popüler phrasal verb'lerin anlamları tahmin etmeye çalışın...


blow up
That bomb can blow up a house!
break down
My car broke down on the road today.
break into
A burglar broke into my house last night! We woke up and chased him.
carry on (with)
Don't stop, you should carry on with studying.
come along
I am going to the cinema for a great movie! Why don't you come along with me.
come down with
He came down with flu. Now, he is taking flu medicine.
dress up
A 3 year-old child cannot dress himself up.
fall in love with
I think Joe is falling in love with Marry
get away
The criminals tried to get away, but the police caught them.
get along with
I can't get along with my brother. We always argue.
get over
John was sick last week. I think he got over it now.
get up
I get up at 6 am everyday.
give up
You should give up smoking if you want to live long.
grow up
The ugly duckling grew up to be a beautiful swan.
look after
While the little boy's parents were out, his older sister looked after him
look up
If you don't know the meaning of a word, you should look it up in a dictionary.
look forward to
I am looking forward to tonight's match. I think it will be very exciting.
make up
That little girl makes up a lot of stories. Her imagination is very busy.
put on
I put on a coat, because it was raining
put on
He has put on a lot of weight. He was just 80 kilos last year!
put out
The fire fighters tried to put out the fire as soon as possible.
run out of
My engine doesn't start. I think it ran out of petrol.
take off
Her plane took off at 6 am this morning.
take off
He took his coat off immediately. And hung it in the wardrobe.
turn down
You should turn down the radio. It is too loud.
turn off
When you are going out of the room, you should turn off the lights.
turn up
This song is very good. I want to turn up the volume of the radio.
sit down
I am very tired. I should sit down for a few minutes.
stand up
All students stand up when the teacher comes into the classroom.
switch off
You should switch the tv off too.
switch on
You can always switch it back on later.
wake up
The sound of the siren woke everybody up.
work on
I am working on an important project now. I'll finish it next week.

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